Water Resources and Desert lands Division – Desert Research Center

Intro

Main Objectives:

Geological survey to identify rock and geomorphology units, in addition to sedimentary and structural basins.
Exploring the presence of groundwater, determining the thickness and the depth of underground aquifers, determining the depth and locations of drilling, and designing wells.
Evaluating and managing water in underground reservoirs, assessing the amount of water, determining safe withdrawal from wells and optimal utilization of water.
Evaluating and monitoring water quality and setting programmes to protect water resources from pollution.
Proposing water harvesting systems for the development of rain-fed crops.
Studying the origin and processes of formation and evaluation of desert lands, drawing the foundations for their exploitation, and determining priorities of reclamation.
Studying and evaluating chemical, natural and mineral properties of soils, and the relationship of soil and plants to water, with studying the effect of mineral composition on soil properties.
Evaluating soil fertility and its fertilizing needs, introducing bio-organic farming systems, recycling agricultural and organic wastes, producing vital vaccines, bio fertilization and biopesticides for disease resistance for field crops, vegetables and medicinal plants in the new lands.
Managing land resources and using agricultural mechanization in desert lands, studying the factors of soil erosion and deteriorating productivity, developing means to reduce erosion and deterioration, and managing irrigation and drainage systems under desert conditions.

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